Kentucky Bankruptcy Law

Counsel with Care

Quick Note: Income, expenses and; Chapter 13 plan

The major driving force in determining what your Chapter 13 bankruptcy plan payment will be are your household income minus reasonable and necessary expenses, at least in the Eastern District of Kentucky. I encounter two general situations when looking at household income and expenses to determine what a debtor’s plan payment will likely be in a Chapter 13: 1) people who have constrained their expenses to an unsustainable point in order to try to stave off bankruptcy, and 2) people who find it very challenging to tighten their belt.

The first scenario can show up different ways. They may have stopped paying into voluntary retirement plans in hopes to make things work. Or, perhaps they went against personal convictions and stopped tithing to their church believing it would be a short-term constraint. With these two approaches, they are essentially locking themselves in to being unable to go back to tithing or retirement funding for the three to five-year duration of their Chapter 13. This is because the Chapter 13 trustee will expect documentation of consistent and ongoing tithing or payments into retirement. This is to preclude people who suddenly decide to do these things just to help their own bottom line as opposed to a conviction or long-held practice. The remedy for this requires very early bankruptcy planning and is not easily fixed; it often must be lived with for the term of the bankruptcy.

The second scenario is easier to fix, but tougher for debtor’s to swallow. Those who most often find themselves in this situation have had a healthy income for a long time and unforeseen circumstances, like job loss, drop them into a very constrained income. Most people expand their spending to fill up their income. This is not wise, but it is terribly common. Once certain “luxuries” become routine expenses, it is incredibly hard to reverse them. I see this with higher food expenses for top-of the line organics and fresh food, health supplements, or personal training expenses. Other ways it manifests are in high-end clothing or nice (“dependable”) cars. The remedy is simple: cut expenses. However, it is tough to swallow the idea of trading in the expensive SUV for an old economy car. It is hard to cut food costs without buying processed food. Hard won fitness is hard through personal training is hard to exchange for a modest gym membership and self-training.

However, to get the discharge of debt and relief from foreclosure that Chapter 13 offers, tough decisions and sacrifices must be made.

May 8, 2013 - Posted by | Bankruptcy, Chapter 13, Discharge, Documentation, Plan, Plan payments, Planning, Pre-filing planning, Secured loan arrears | , , , , , , , , , , , ,

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